According to Itypejob, Ukraine can be called not only the most colorful European country, but also a land with amazingly beautiful and diverse nature, rich cultural heritage and, of course, the presence of many interesting cities. Almost every city in Ukraine has its own calling card and its sights. Starting from the Crimea to the Carpathians, Ukraine has preserved many unique churches and ancient castles, and in the largest cities, most of the buildings can be considered an architectural monument. In addition to unforgettable city tours, you can also relax in nature. There are wonderful ski resorts in the Carpathians, and in the summer here and in the Crimean mountains you can arrange interesting hiking trips.
Geography of Ukraine
Ukraine is located in the eastern part of Europe, has a common border with Russia in the east and north, borders with Belarus in the northwest, Moldova in the southwest, and Romania, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary in the western part. Most of the country’s territory has a flat relief, only in western Ukraine and in the Crimea mountains rise. The highest point in the country is Hoverla (2060 meters).
The area of Ukraine is 603.628 km2. sq., occupies the 46th place in the world by area.
The state currency is the Ukrainian hryvnia (UAH).
The official language is Ukrainian.
Visa to Ukraine
Residents of the CIS countries do not need a visa to visit Ukraine. At the border, you must present a civil passport or international passport. In addition, for citizens of the EU, USA, Japan and Canada, a visa is also not required if the visit is less than 90 days. When entering the country, at the border point, you must fill out a migration card, and then an entry stamp will be put on the passport and migration card. When returning from the country, this card must be returned. If you enter the country with a general passport of the Russian Federation, then the stamp is placed only on the card. If you are traveling with a child, then at the border you must present his birth certificate, passport (if he is 14 years old) and the parent’s original passport.
Weather in Ukraine
Most of Ukraine has a temperate continental climate, only on the Crimean peninsula subtropical Mediterranean. The average January temperature varies from north to south, in the north it is -8 C, and in Crimea +4 -8 C. In July, the temperature varies from +18 to +24 C. Most of the precipitation falls in autumn and winter and is 400-700 mm per year, and in the mountains of the Crimea and the Carpathians can reach 1600 mm.
The main part of the country’s inhabitants travel by buses and trolleybuses, and trams run in large cities. In Crimea, intercity buses run quite often, the interval is 15-20 minutes. Simferopol and Yalta are also interconnected by the longest trolleybus line in Europe. Also in Kyiv, Kharkov and Dnepropetrovsk there is a metro. In addition, you can easily hire a taxi in almost any city in the country. However, it is advisable to coordinate the fare in advance.
Currency exchange in Ukraine
As of August 2011, the national currency rate is 1 USD = 7.99 UAH. The national currency is the Ukrainian hryvnia. Banks in Ukraine work from 08.00 to 17.00, and in resort areas they can work until 19.00. The working day of exchange offices lasts until 21.00. In almost all cities, there are many exchange offices on the streets where you can easily exchange American dollars, euros and rubles. The exchange rate at all points may vary, and in some places the rate is indicated for an exchange of at least 100-200 dollars. In large stores, non-cash payment is possible. In any city, ATMs are widespread, which are located near shops, banks and crowded places.
220V/50Hz (European sockets).
The majority of Ukrainians are Orthodox Christians, but some of them identify themselves with the Moscow Patriarchate, some with the Kiev Patriarchate, and the rest with the Ukrainian Autocephalous Church. About 14% of believers are Catholics, mostly residents of the western regions of the country.
The security situation in the country is not much different from the situation in other CIS countries. Particular attention should be paid to the fact that in trains running from Russia to Crimea, cases of extortion by law enforcement agencies and customs are possible. Most often, manipulations are possible with registration, which was canceled two years ago. If you are sure that no illegal actions were committed on your part, you should not pay money to these persons.
According to the legislation of Ukraine, foreigners entering the country must have an insurance policy with them in case you need emergency assistance. On the southern coast of Crimea, the level of solar radiation is quite high, so it is worth using special protective creams.