Popular bathing beaches
According to topschoolsintheusa, England is surrounded by many wonderful beaches. Whether traditional spa resorts or modern water sports centers – there is something for every taste. Beautiful beaches and dunes typical of this area stretch along the 250 km long north-west coast. Blackpool is the most famous seaside resort here. Brighton is the most popular and liveliest of the seaside resorts on the south east coast. On the south coast of Devon, popular holiday resorts known as the ‘English Riviera’ are strung together like pearls on a necklace. Great Yarmouth, on the East Anglia coast, is one of England’s largest and most popular seaside resorts.
The port city of Liverpool is the hometown of the Beatles and football club Liverpool FC. Vibrant Liverpool was the European Capital of Culture and still has plenty to offer culturally. The historic part of the city and the harbor district with Albert Dock and Pier Head are part of the UNESCO World Heritage. Liverpool’s attractions include the Tate Liverpool, the Museum of Liverpool, the Merseyside Maritime Museum, the Beatles Museum and the city’s two cathedrals.
London’s most popular attractions
Three days is hardly enough to see the most popular sights in London. The best place to start is to get a panoramic view from the London Eye, which stands on the south bank of the River Thames near Westminster Bridge. It offers views of the Houses of Parliament, Big Ben, officially the Elizabeth Tower, and St Paul’s Cathedral. The program list should also include Buckingham Palace, Tower Bridge, the Tower of London and a boat trip on the Thames, as well as Trafalgar Square, Piccadilly Circus, the Old Bailey Criminal Court, 10 Downing Street, at least one of the major museums, the famous luxury department store Harrods, the large and colorful Camden Lock Market open daily, Brick Lane, Shakespeare’s famous Globe Theater and Museum,
In Dover there are the famous “White Cliffs” to admire, the Pharos ruins (Phoenician lighthouse) in the Norman castle Dover Castle. Other attractions include the South Foreland Lighthouse, the Dover Museum and a Roman inn excavated in 1970.
Cumbria and the Lake District National Park
Cumbria has the largest national park (Lake District), the highest mountain (Scafell Pike) and the largest lake in England (Windermere). Cumbria is extremely well suited for active holidays: there are beautiful walks, sailing, fishing, canoeing and pony trekking. The English romantic poets Wordsworth and Coleridge first popularized the lake district around Lake Windermere in the Lake District National Park in the late 18th century. The Lake District has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2017. Fairs and herding dog trials are held several times a year in numerous towns and villages on the moors, on mountain slopes and on the coast.
Poole Harbor is a bustling natural harbor on England’s south coast, bustling with activity with its numerous bars, cafes and restaurants. Visitors interested in learning more about the area’s history can follow the newly created Cockle Path, which explores the myths and legends surrounding Poole’s smugglers and ghosts from the past. Brass plaques line the path, ending at Poole Museum, tracing Poole’s 750 year history. For the more adventurous, watersports in and around the harbor include windsurfing, kitesurfing, kayaking and wakeboarding. A very popular excursion is a boat trip to Brownsea Island, which is owned by the National Trust. The island is protected for its fauna and peaceful wooded areas where there are great hiking trails.
Cambridge and Oxford
The universities of Oxford and Cambridge are among the most prestigious in the world. Both university towns are beautiful, with buildings that are several hundred years old, cozy pubs and numerous architectural gems. A boat trip on the Cam offers the best views of Cambridge’s impressive university campus. Oxford is on the Thames. The sprawling old university buildings with the time-honoured Bodleian Library, the cathedral, the elegant gardens, squares and streets of this cosmopolitan city are best explored on foot.
Near Salisbury stands Stonehenge, a prehistoric ring-shaped stone monument dating back to 2150 BC. to have been erected and is said to have served in mysterious ceremonies of sun worship. Advance booking for the visit is necessary. About two kilometers from the monument is the Stonehenge Visitor Center and Museum.
Plymouth, the largest city in the region, has been one of England’s most important port cities for over 500 years. The south coast of Devon is home to a number of popular holiday resorts known as the ‘English Riviera’. The rugged beauty of Dartmoor National Park with its wild ponies is particularly inviting. The city of Exeter has a particularly fascinating past. Roman ramparts, underground passages, a beautiful cathedral, the ruined castle of Rougemont and Britain’s oldest town hall can be visited here.
The traditional seaside town of Southwold is on the North Suffolk Coast and is part of the Suffolk Heritage Coast. With its brightly painted bathing cottages, lighthouse, harbor and bustling fish markets, Southwold is the quintessential English holiday resort of yesteryear. There is a completely different atmosphere here than on the party beaches of today.
The spa town of Bath, famous for its Roman baths, flourished in the 18th and 19th centuries. The cityscape has changed little since then, so that the magnificent Georgian-style buildings, the bathing halls built on Roman foundations, the elegant Assembly Rooms and the Abbey guarantee an unforgettable stroll through the city. The City Fashion Museum in the Assembly Rooms and the Jane Austen Center are particularly worth seeing.
The ruins of the legendary Tintagel Castle on the west coast of Cornwall have one of the most breathtaking stretches of coastline in England as a backdrop. The castle was built by Richard of Cornwall around 1250 and is believed to be the birthplace of King Arthur. According to legend, King Arthur was protected from all evil by his magical sword Excalibur. The castle ruins are accessible to visitors via a narrow bridge and steep stairs. Some claim Tintagel is one of the most romantic places in the UK.
Wookey Hole caves
In the heart of Somerset lie the spectacular Wookey Hole Caves. The first secured human traces around Wookey Hole are 50,000 years old. In addition to human artifacts, finds of tropical and Ice Age animals such as rhino, bear, mammoth and lion have been made in the area. The caves can be visited. Visitors can also meet the Wookey Hole witch and experience other attractions such as the Valley of the Dinosaurs with life size models of dinosaurs.
Manchester is the “capital” of the north of England. Manchester is home to many well-known pop and rock bands and artists such as The Smiths, Oasis, Take That, Simply Red and others. A good place to start exploring Manchester’s musical heritage is Salford Lad’s Club. Also worth seeing in Manchester are the Opera House, the Palace Theatre, the Royal Exchange Theatre, the Free Trade Hall and the Gothic-style John Rylands Library. The city’s cathedral was built in the 15th century. Other attractions include the Chill Factor indoor ski hall, the Imperial War Museum and the Urbis Museum of Contemporary Art.
The imposing medieval castle of Warwick Castle is inhabited but can still be visited. It was first built in 1068 by William I the Conqueror and, along with Leeds Castle in Kent, is one of the best-preserved castles in England. Not only the beautiful castle rooms are impressive, but also the collection of armour, the castle dungeon and the interactive experience Merlin: The Dragon Tower.
Chatsworth House in the Peak District
The 1300 sq km Peak District National Park is an upland area and consists of heathland. Chatsworth House is a magnificent mansion of the Dukes of Devonshire near Bakewell in Derbyshire in the Peak District. The property, built in 1687-1707, with a valuable collection of paintings and furniture and a spacious landscaped garden, is open to visitors from the end of March to the end of October.
Known for the legend of Robin Hood, Nottingham is a popular tourist destination. Nottingham Castle offers beautiful views of the city. Other attractions include the City of Caves, an underground labyrinth of sandstone caves, and the Galleries of Justice Museum, also known as Shire Hall. Wollaton Hall, a 16th-century manor house, now houses the Natural History Museum. Nottingham’s old pubs are also worth seeing. North of Nottingham lies the infamous Sherwood Forest, home of Robin Hood.
Archbishop of Canterbury with its famous cathedral has largely retained its medieval charm. Canterbury Cathedral is a Gothic masterpiece. The Canterbury Heritage Museum provides an interesting insight into the turbulent history of the city. St. Martin’s is one of the oldest churches in the country (AD 500) and services are still held today. It is part of the UNESCO World Heritage.
The imposing medieval castle Leeds Castle is not in the city of Leeds, but in the county of Kent near Maidstone. It was built on two islands in a lake. Over the centuries it was the residence of six English queens during the Middle Ages, as well as the home of Henry VIII. The castle contains artwork, furniture and tapestries from its illustrious past. The castle is also famous for its aviaries and has numerous other attractions such as the Culpeper Garden.
The county of Kent is rightly nicknamed the “Garden of England”. Fruit, wine and hops have been grown here for centuries, and the picturesque towers of the historic hop kilns are striking. A visit during the fruit blossom season in April and May is particularly recommended. The villages of Biddenden and Chiddingstone have quaint half-timbered houses. Also worth seeing are the manor houses of Knole, Hever Castle, Penshurst Place and Sissinghurst with their magnificent landscaped gardens.
Portsmouth Historic Dockyard
Portsmouth Historic Dockyard is home to three famous ships: The Mary Rose, HMS Victory and HMS Warrior 1860. The Mary Rose sank in 1545 but was recovered from the seabed in 1982. Today, visitors can admire the wreckage and more than 1,000 artifacts from the ship at the Mary Rose Museum. Also on display is HMS Victory, the world’s oldest warship, used by Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar to defeat the Franco-Spanish fleet. HMS Warrior 1860, the first iron warship, is also on display at the Mary Rose Museum.
Stratford upon Avon
In the county of Warwickshire lies Stratford-upon-Avon, William Shakespeare’s idyllic hometown. The playwright’s home and even the school he attended can be visited. His plays are performed year-round at the Royal Shakespeare Theatre. Numerous events draw many visitors to this picturesque town each year, such as the Literary Festival in April and the River Festival in July.
Hadrian’s Wall in Northumberland
Northumberland is particularly attractive with its numerous villages and market towns. Hadrian’s Wall on the Scottish border is the county’s most recognizable landmark. This rampart was built by the Romans to mark the northern frontier of Roman Britain and protect them from attacks by the Picts and Scots from the far north. It stretches from Carlisle to Newcastle. The numerous castles, such as the dramatic Bamburgh, the rugged Dunstanburgh and the impressive Alnwick Castle, are still reminders of centuries of frontier struggles.
Down the river, not far from London, is the town of Windsor. Here is the world-famous Windsor Castle, once home to William the Conqueror. It has been the country residence of the British monarchs for 900 years and is therefore the oldest continuously inhabited castle in the world. It currently serves as one of Queen Elizabeth II’s principal residences. Parts of the castle are open to the public. Close by is the 4,000 acre Windsor Great Park with beautiful gardens and a famous safari park.
In the city of York, with its medieval buildings, streets and lanes, one can revel in the past. The famous “York Minster” – the largest cathedral in Northern Europe – has over two million visitors every year. Also very impressive are the National Railway Museum, the Castle Museum, the Viking Museum, the Holgate Windmill and the medieval city walls.